If you will forgive a deviation from rivers….
Gilbert Percy Whitley’s name is well known to anybody who has studied Australian fishes. He was a superb taxonomist, describing many new species over his long career at the Australian Museum. I have been a great fan of his for many years, more so for his work on the history of Australian science. He published some fantastic papers, one on the history of the study of Australian fishes (1964) and one on a history of the zoology in Australia (1970). These are particularly interesting and useful for the student of the history of Australian natural history. But he also wrote many, many other papers and several books, as well as biographies of prominent Australian zoologists. These last are a wonderful resource, and it is a shame that so many of them are buried away in old copies of relatively obscure journals. I will let Alison Leeson, a Masters in Art Curatorship, say more about Gilbert Whitley in her recent blog post.
There are several awards dedicated to Gilbert Whitley, including the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales Whitley Awards and the Australian Society for Fish Biology Whitley Prize for best student talk at the annual conference.
References: Whitley GP (1964) A survey of Australian ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89: 11-127. Whitley GP (1970) Early history of Australian zoology. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney.